Treatment should be started as soon as possible, preferably under the age of 6
- Decreased vision in one or both eyes
- Misaligned eyes (one eye turned inward)
- Head tilting
- Poor depth perception
The sooner the better
Vision screenings are strongly recommended in young children, as vision problems can be detected early enough for successful treatment. Pediatricians perform regular vision checks on newborns and young children in order to identify problems that may be fixed in order to prevent amblyopia from developing. Sometimes a pediatrician will recommend a complete eye examination by an optometrist. The earlier amblyopia is diagnosed, the better the chances are to avoiding permanent vision loss. Sometimes, a child will have no obvious signs of a vision problem.
can be prevented and treated successfully till to restore normal vision.
Treatment usually consists of covering the good eye and forcing the child to use the weaker eye. Forcing the brain to use the weaker eye makes it stronger. Patching: This is the most common treatment for amblyopia. Patching the good eye forces the brain to start using the weaker eye. If the patch is worn for a few hours every day, the weaker eye will eventually become stronger. This will force the brain to use the image from the lazy eye, eventually making the weaker eye stronger. Vision improvement could take a few months to several years, depending on the severity of amblyopia and the diligence of patching the eye. Glasses: Glasses are used when amblyopia is caused by severe refractive errors. Glasses will allow the brain to use the eyes together and eventually develop normal vision. Glasses must be worn all day, except during bathing, swimming, or sleeping. Surgery: Eye muscle surgery is sometimes an option if other treatments fail to improve vision. Surgery is often performed if the amblyopia is caused by a cataract. This type of surgery involves loosening or tightening the eye muscles.